Douglas Triggs (doubt72) wrote,
Douglas Triggs

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Verbs are for verbing:

"Spontaneous verbs" (分かる「わかる」, 見える「みえる」, 聞こえる「きこえる」) use が for the direct object. Also, all potential forms do the same (in the potential form):

Type 1: -う+える
Type 2: -る+られる
Irregular: こられる, できる

Of course, I'm not sure how the heck you tell こられる or type 2 verbs from the passive. I guess you don't.

Special verbs that keep on giving:

あげる - I or someone give something to someone
くれる - someone gives something to me
もらう - I or someone receives something from someone

I'm feeling obsequious:

さしあげる - I give something to my superior
くださる - my superior gives something to me
いただく - I receive something from my superior

The plant needs water:

やる - I give something to my inferior (or, perhaps, I water a plant?)

Tags: 日本語

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